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Who is Eligible for Citizenship through Naturalization?

Who is Eligible for Citizenship through Naturalization?

PUBLISHED ON: April 11

The journey to becoming a U.S. citizen is a dream many immigrants hold dear. However, the path to achieving this dream, known as naturalization, may seem complex and daunting. At Sverdloff Law Group, we are here to shed light on the naturalization process, helping you navigate your way toward U.S. citizenship.

Understanding Naturalization

Naturalization is the legal process through which immigrants can become U.S. citizens. It involves meeting certain eligibility requirements, following specific procedures, and passing a test on U.S. government and history. 

Who Qualifies for Naturalization?

To qualify for naturalization, applicants must meet several eligibility criteria:

  1. Age: Applicants must be at least 18 years old at the time of filing the application.
  2. Permanent Resident Status: Applicants must have held a valid Green Card for at least five years prior to applying for naturalization. This requirement is reduced to three years if the person is married to a U.S. citizen.
  3. Continuous Residence and Physical Presence: Applicants must have continuously lived in the U.S. for at least five years immediately preceding the application and must have been physically present in the U.S. for a minimum of 30 months within this five-year period.
  4. Good Moral Character: Applicants must demonstrate good moral character throughout the required period of continuous residence and physical presence.
  5. English Language Proficiency: Applicants must be able to read, write, speak, and understand basic English. Exceptions apply to individuals with certain disabilities or those over 50 years old who have held a Green Card for at least 20 years.
  6. Knowledge of U.S. Government and History: Applicants must pass a civics test in order to demonstrate their understanding of U.S. government and history.

The Application Process

The journey towards U.S. citizenship involves several steps:

  1. Complete Form N-400: This is the Application for Naturalization form, which requires detailed information about your background, residence, and eligibility.
  2. Gather Supporting Documents: Provide documents such as your Green Card, passport, tax returns, and evidence of continuous residence and physical presence.
  3. Submit the Application: Send the completed Form N-400 and supporting documents to the USCIS along with the required fee.
  4. Attend Biometrics Appointment: After submitting your application, attend a biometrics appointment where your fingerprints, photograph, and signature will be collected.
  5. Attend the Naturalization Interview: A USCIS officer will review your application, conduct the civics and English language tests, and assess your eligibility.
  6. Oath of Allegiance: If your application is approved, you will take the Oath of Allegiance at an oath ceremony.

Tips for Success

  • Start Early: Begin gathering necessary documents and preparing for the naturalization process well in advance.
  • Seek Legal Guidance: Working with an experienced immigration attorney can increase your chances of an approved naturalization application.
  • Study for the Civics Test: Utilize online study materials and resources to prepare for the civics test.
  • Attend Interviews Promptly: Ensure you attend all scheduled interviews and appointments on time.
  • Maintain Good Moral Character: Avoid any criminal activities and fulfill your financial obligations.

Contact Us

At Sverdloff Law Group, we have a proven track record of successfully handling naturalization cases. Our team understands the complexities of the process and is ready to guide you through each step of the naturalization journey. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step toward obtaining your U.S. citizenship.

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