U.S. immigration law allows certain foreign-born individuals who are family members of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents to apply and become lawful permanent residents (Green Card holders) if their family relationship meets the criteria provided under the law to obtain that status. Common classes of relatives who have preference over all others in becoming lawful permanent residents are spouses, minor children, or parents of a U.S. citizen.
All other family members who are eligible to apply for a Green Card are grouped in various “preference immigrant” categories as follows:
If you are a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident and have a qualifying relative as above, you can petition for them to become lawful permanent residents. However, filing the petition is only part of the process.
If the petition is approved, then your relative would have the opportunity to apply for their Green Card, but where they apply and how they get it depends on where they are at the time the petition is approved or when they are applying.
If the relative is in the United States, then they will apply here under what is known as adjustment of status. To do so, they must meet the following eligibility requirements to adjust status to obtain a family preference-based Green Card:
If you or your relative meet all these requirements, then chances are you are on the way to becoming a lawful permanent resident, but it is a complex process that requires the help of an immigration attorney to help you navigate. Contact Sverdloff Law Group today and schedule a consultation to get you on the path to getting what you need.